Cross Consulting Engineers



The permitting process, especially in Vermont, is at the very least an involved procedure. Our firm's considerable knowledge of the process, plus our familiarity with many local review boards and officials, combine to make us an essential partner in obtaining the necessary permits for your project.


We strive to earn credibility with the permit review authorities through integrity, honesty and the performance of quality engineering. This is achieved through full attention to all applicable regulations, coupled with a project design that is sensitive to the Owner's needs as well as the environment. Our extensive and ongoing working relationships with the permitting agencies help us to expedite the process.

An example of some permits needed for various projects are:  

  • Act 250 (Vermont)
  • Water and Wastewater
  • Subdivision
  • Fire Prevention
  • Stormwater Discharge
  • Highway Access
  • Local Zoning and Planning
  • Federal and State Wetlands Permits
  • Medium and Large Farm Operating Permits
  • Air Quality

Complete, accurate and thorough applications for well designed projects are the key.

Our involvement in the permit process also includes competent representation at all public hearings. We also provide expert assistance in appeals, if necessary.

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Building Design

Cross Consulting Engineers provides complete building design services for the commercial, industrial and institutional client. Building styles range from simple pre-engineered steel structures to multi-story steel, masonry and concrete buildings. Our in-house civil, architectural, and structural staff is key to a well coordinated set of construction documents.

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Renovation and restoration projects require special attention by our design staff. We appreciate the value of historic buildings and strongly believe in the concept of adaptive re-use of structures. Handicapped accessibility needs present special challenges with existing structures. We have the depth and experience to meet these challenges.

Our firm is equipped and experienced in all aspects of building design. Some considerations are:

  • Aesthetics
  • Energy Conservation
  • Space Planning
  • Accessibility by the Handicapped
  • Structural Evaluations
  • Roof Rehabilitation
  • Building Maintenance
  • Operating Costs

We welcome your participation in the design of your building to ensure your design concept is realized.

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Water and Wastewater Design

Water and wastewater design includes all aspects of collection, distribution, treatment and ultimate disposal of the water we use on a daily basis. The proper management of this natural resource is fundamental to our survival. For this reason, our use of water is strictly regulated to insure the public health and welfare. The Federal Clean Water Act, as well as State and Local Health Regulations, embody the rules and regulations we follow in our design of the many water and wastewater systems our clients require.


 Systems range from small scale residential water and wastewater systems, such as drilled wells and septic systems, to large scale municipal transmission, collection and treatment systems. Larger systems include: Municipal and industrial water and wastewater treatment plants; water and sewer pipelines; agricultural and sludge disposal facilities; and land application of wastes.

Because of public health concerns, water and wastewater projects require a high degree of competence to design and guide projects through the regulatory and construction process. We at Cross Consulting Engineers strongly feel this is where our firm excels.

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Land development often includes the subdivision of large parcels of property into functional lots. Surveying is the measurement of the physical characteristics of a parcel of land.


This information is used to determine boundaries, drainage patterns and to provide the foundation for a site plan. Typical elements of this field of civil engineering include:

  • Boundary and ALTA Surveys
  • Subdivision Maps
  • Topographic Surveys
  • Deed Research
  • Route Surveys
  • Expert Testimony for Boundary Disputes
  • Construction Layout
  • FEMA Flood Plain Surveys

To procure this information, we use in-house, state-of-the-art electronic surveying equipment, including standard and robotic electronic total stations and data collectors, and survey grade GPS units. After our technicians have obtained all of the field data, it is assimilated into detailed plans by our in-house drafting professionals. Our staff makes full use of computer software/hardware and electronic transfer of information to input and manipulate this data.

Our surveying services are not limited to large subdivisions and developments. We survey single parcel commercial, residential and industrial properties, and we routinely perform complicated ATLA/NSPS surveys.

Surveying is the foundation for all site development. It is this very reason that we gather this information ourselves. Our surveys provide the level of precision we need for final design of a given project and give us greater control over the project schedule.

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The movement of people and products in a safe and efficient manner is essential to our economic well-being. The study of transportation systems, and the design of streets and highways are one of the principle means by which this occurs. Each and every project that is developed needs a well designed, safe, and aesthetically pleasing access. Our clients include: state and local governments, private developers, and commercial and industrial businesses.


Our transportation engineering services include:

  • Traffic Signal Design and Coordination
  • Road Rehabilitation
  • Street and Highway Design
  • Turn Lane Design
  • Drainage and Hydrology
  • Curbs and Sidewalks
  • Bridge and Culvert Design
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) Requirements

Coordination with Local and State governmental authorities is essential. The design of major streets, turning lanes, curb cuts, signalization and pedestrian access must meet all applicable standards to receive prompt approvals from these authorities.

Recreation paths are another element of street and highway design. Safe and functional paths for bicyclists and pedestrians are an alternate form of transportation that also provides recreational benefits.

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Structural Engineering

Structural engineering involves the design of the physical supporting elements of a structure. This area of engineering includes: soil testing and evaluation (geotechnical studies), foundation design, retaining walls and framing plans (steel, concrete, masonry and wood). We also utilize structural engineering in the design of bridges, culverts, silos and roofs.


Structural engineering is required for all new structures. It is often required in the evaluation of existing structures, building renovations and when evaluating new roof coverings and solar roof-top equipment.

At Cross Consulting Engineers, safety is our firm's primary concern. Much more needs to be considered than providing a structure that meets the building codes. With safety as an umbrella, we incorporate many other important considerations, such as the cost-effectiveness of our design, ease of construction, availability of materials, design life, aesthetics of the structure and maintenance costs.

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Site Planning

Site Planning is the first step in the realization of a concept. It is the true beginning of your project. A site plan illustrates all of the elements that will be constructed on your property. These elements include siting the building, locating access drives and parking areas, grading for proper drainage, and utility extensions such as water, wastewater, electric power and telephone.

We at Cross Consulting Engineers utilize site planning as a technique for coordinating all of the site improvements. We evaluate the possibility of conflicts and make necessary design changes to insure the layout functions properly.

Proper site planning is the foundation of all development projects. Site plans are particularly useful for explaining projects to contractors, Planning Commissions, Zoning Boards and other governmental authorities.

A well designed, attractive site plan speeds permit reviews and is a useful marketing tool for your project. A site plan is essential for proper construction of a project and to insure a functional and aesthetically pleasing site.

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